The energy issue is crucial from a social and societal point of view since it contributes to several factors: poverty reduction through economic development, improved health, clean cooking facilities or even the electrification of health centres, food security, improved access to water through the operation of facilities - without energy, there is no drinking water - and lastly, the contribution to education and environmental protection. This very strong link with development explains today's growing mobilization of the various actors and stakeholders on the theme of access to energy and electrification, particularly in Africa today.
Moreover, population growth coupled with new lifestyles in some emerging countries are having a strong impact on the availability of energy resources. World energy demand is expected to increase by more than a third by 2035, with China, India and Middle Eastern countries accounting for nearly 60% of the increase. The increase in electricity is estimated to be around 70% by 2035.